[petsc-users] Allocating the diagonal for MatMPIAIJSetPreallocation
Matthew Knepley
knepley at gmail.com
Fri Apr 1 12:00:09 CDT 2022
On Fri, Apr 1, 2022 at 12:57 PM Samuel Estes <samuelestes91 at gmail.com>
wrote:
> Ah, so let me see if I understand this now. So basically you preallocate
> for this "dummy matrix" of type MatPreallocator. But rather than simply
> calling MatXXXAIJSetPreallocation() to allocate space, you actually tell
> this "dummy matrix" exactly where the non-zeros will be. You then call this
> MatPreallocatorPreallocate() routine to pass the non-zero structure of the
> "dummy matrix" to the actual matrix that you're using for the linear
> system. You then call MatSetValues() (or a variant thereof) to set the
> values of this preallocated matrix.
>
> A couple more clarifying questions:
> 1. So this MatPreallocator matrix should have a rectangular structure of
> (rEnd-rStart) rows and n columns (where n is the total size of the system?
> I'm assuming here that the global matrix across all processors is square.
>
This "dummy matrix" will look exactly like your system matrix, meaning it
is square, and you tell it the nonzeros by just calling MatSetValues(),
exactly as you would for your system matrix. That is why you can reuse
exactly the same code.
> 2. You preallocate for the dummy matrix by calling matsetvalues rather
> than the usual way of preallocating?
>
Yes.
> 3. That's what you mean by looping twice? You loop over once using
> matsetvalues to preallocate, then you have to loop using matsetvalues again
> a second time to actually set the values of the parallel Mat you actually
> use to solve the system?
>
Yes.
Thanks,
Matt
> On Fri, Apr 1, 2022 at 11:50 AM Matthew Knepley <knepley at gmail.com> wrote:
>
>> On Fri, Apr 1, 2022 at 12:45 PM Samuel Estes <samuelestes91 at gmail.com>
>> wrote:
>>
>>> Thanks! This seems like it might be what I need. I'm still a little
>>> unclear on how it works though? My problem is basically that for any given
>>> row, I know the total non-zeros but not how many occur in the diagonal vs
>>> off-diagonal. Without knowledge of the underlying grid, I'm not sure how
>>> there could be a black box utility to figure this out? Am I
>>> misunderstanding how this is used?
>>>
>>
>> So each process gets a stack of rows, [rStart, rEnd). A nonzero (r, c) is
>> in the diagonal block if rStart <= c < rEnd. So if you know (r, c) for each
>> nonzero, you know whether it is in the diagonal block.
>>
>> Thanks,
>>
>> Matt
>>
>>
>>> On Fri, Apr 1, 2022 at 11:34 AM Matthew Knepley <knepley at gmail.com>
>>> wrote:
>>>
>>>> On Fri, Apr 1, 2022 at 12:27 PM Samuel Estes <samuelestes91 at gmail.com>
>>>> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> Hi,
>>>>>
>>>>> I have a problem in which I know (roughly) the number of non-zero
>>>>> entries for each row of a matrix but I don't have a convenient way of
>>>>> determining whether they belong to the diagonal or off-diagonal part of the
>>>>> parallel matrix. Is there some way I can just allocate the total number of
>>>>> non-zeros in a row regardless of which part they belong to? I'm assuming
>>>>> that this is not possible but I just wanted to check. It seems like it
>>>>> should be possible in principle since the matrix is only split by the rows
>>>>> but the columns of a row are all on the same processor (at least as I
>>>>> understand it). Thanks!
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> In serial, the matrix is stored by rows. In parallel, it is split into
>>>> a diagonal and off-diagonal block, so that we can overlap communication and
>>>> computation in the matvec.
>>>>
>>>> However, we have a convenience structure for figuring this out, called
>>>> MatPreallocator,
>>>> https://petsc.org/main/docs/manualpages/Mat/MATPREALLOCATOR.html
>>>> In my code, I wrote a loop around the code that filled up my matrix,
>>>> which executed twice. On the first pass, I fed in the MatPreallocator
>>>> matrix. When this finished
>>>> you can call
>>>> https://petsc.org/main/docs/manualpages/Mat/MatPreallocatorPreallocate.html#MatPreallocatorPreallocate
>>>> on your system amtrix, then on the second
>>>> pass use the system matrix. This was only a few extra lines of code for
>>>> me. If you want to optimize further, you can have a flag that only computes
>>>> the values on the
>>>> second pass.
>>>>
>>>> Thanks,
>>>>
>>>> Matt
>>>>
>>>> Sam
>>>>>
>>>> --
>>>> What most experimenters take for granted before they begin their
>>>> experiments is infinitely more interesting than any results to which their
>>>> experiments lead.
>>>> -- Norbert Wiener
>>>>
>>>> https://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/
>>>> <http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/>
>>>>
>>>
>>
>> --
>> What most experimenters take for granted before they begin their
>> experiments is infinitely more interesting than any results to which their
>> experiments lead.
>> -- Norbert Wiener
>>
>> https://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/
>> <http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/>
>>
>
--
What most experimenters take for granted before they begin their
experiments is infinitely more interesting than any results to which their
experiments lead.
-- Norbert Wiener
https://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/ <http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/>
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://lists.mcs.anl.gov/pipermail/petsc-users/attachments/20220401/5c436519/attachment.html>
More information about the petsc-users
mailing list