[petsc-users] Create a nest not aligned by processors
Berger Clement
clement.berger at ens-lyon.fr
Fri Mar 17 14:22:20 CDT 2023
To use MUMPS I need to convert my matrix in MATAIJ format (or at least
not MATNEST), after that if I use a VECNEST for the left and right
hanside, I get an error during the solve procedure, it is removed if I
copy my data in a vector with standard format, I couldn't find any other
way
---
Clément BERGER
ENS de Lyon
Le 2023-03-17 19:53, Matthew Knepley a écrit :
> On Fri, Mar 17, 2023 at 2:53 PM Berger Clement <clement.berger at ens-lyon.fr> wrote:
>
>> But this is to properly fill up the VecNest am I right ? Because this one is correct, but I can't directly use it in the KSPSolve, I need to copy it into a standard vector
>
> I do not understand what you mean here. You can definitely use a VecNest in a KSP.
>
> Thanks,
>
> Matt
>
> ---
> Clément BERGER
> ENS de Lyon
>
> Le 2023-03-17 19:39, Barry Smith a écrit :
> I think the intention is that you use VecNestGetSubVecs() or VecNestGetSubVec() and fill up the sub-vectors in the same style as the matrices; this decreases the change of a reordering mistake in trying to do it by hand in your code.
>
> On Mar 17, 2023, at 2:35 PM, Berger Clement <clement.berger at ens-lyon.fr> wrote:
>
> That might be it, I didn't find the equivalent of MatConvert for the vectors, so when I need to solve my linear system, with my righthandside properly computed in nest format, I create a new vector using VecDuplicate, and then I copy into it my data using VecGetArrayF90 and copiing each element by hand. Does it create an incorrect ordering ? If so how can I get the correct one ?
>
> ---
> Clément BERGER
> ENS de Lyon
>
> Le 2023-03-17 19:27, Barry Smith a écrit :
> I would run your code with small sizes on 1, 2, 3 MPI ranks and use MatView() to examine the matrices. They will definitely be ordered differently but should otherwise be the same. My guess is that the right hand side may not have the correct ordering with respect to the matrix ordering in parallel. Note also that when the right hand side does have the correct ordering the solution will have a different ordering for each different number of MPI ranks when printed (but changing the ordering should give the same results up to machine precision.
>
> Barry
>
> On Mar 17, 2023, at 2:23 PM, Berger Clement <clement.berger at ens-lyon.fr> wrote:
>
> My issue is that it seems to improperly with some step of my process, the solve step doesn't provide the same result depending on the number of processors I use. I manually tried to multiply one the matrices I defined as a nest against a vector, and the result is not the same with e.g. 1 and 3 processors. That's why I tried the toy program I wrote in the first place, which highlights the misplacement of elements.
>
> ---
> Clément BERGER
> ENS de Lyon
>
> Le 2023-03-17 19:14, Barry Smith a écrit :
> This sounds like a fine use of MATNEST. Now back to the original question
>
> I want to construct a matrix by blocs, each block having different sizes and partially stored by multiple processors. If I am not mistaken, the right way to do so is by using the MATNEST type. However, the following code
>
> Call MatCreateConstantDiagonal(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,PETSC_DECIDE,PETSC_DECIDE,4,4,2.0E0_wp,A,ierr)
> Call MatCreateConstantDiagonal(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,PETSC_DECIDE,PETSC_DECIDE,4,4,1.0E0_wp,B,ierr)
> Call MatCreateNest(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,2,PETSC_NULL_INTEGER,2,PETSC_NULL_INTEGER,(/A,PETSC_NULL_MAT,PETSC_NULL_MAT,B/),C,ierr)
>
> does not generate the same matrix depending on the number of processors. It seems that it starts by everything owned by the first proc for A and B, then goes on to the second proc and so on (I hope I am being clear).
>
> Is it possible to change that ?
If I understand correctly it is behaving as expected. It is the same
matrix on 1 and 2 MPI processes, the only difference is the ordering of
the rows and columns.
Both matrix blocks are split among the two MPI processes. This is how
MATNEST works and likely what you want in practice.
> On Mar 17, 2023, at 1:19 PM, Berger Clement <clement.berger at ens-lyon.fr> wrote:
>
> I have a matrix with four different blocks (2rows - 2columns). The block sizes differ from one another, because they correspond to a different physical variable. One of the block has the particularity that it has to be updated at each iteration. This update is performed by replacing it with a product of multiple matrices that depend on the result of the previous iteration. Note that these intermediate matrices are not square (because they also correspond to other types of variables), and that they must be completely refilled by hand (i.e. they are not the result of some simple linear operations). Finally, I use this final block matrix to solve multiple linear systems (with different righthand sides), so for now I use MUMPS as only the first solve takes time (but I might change it).
>
> Considering this setting, I created each type of variable separately, filled the different matrices, and created different nests of vectors / matrices for my operations. When the time comes to use KSPSolve, I use MatConvert on my matrix to get a MATAIJ compatible with MUMPS, I also copy the few vector data I need from my nests in a regular Vector, I solve, I get back my data in my nest and carry on with the operations needed for my updates.
>
> Is that clear ? I don't know if I provided too many or not enough details.
>
> Thank you
>
> ---
> Clément BERGER
> ENS de Lyon
>
> Le 2023-03-17 17:34, Barry Smith a écrit :
> Perhaps if you provide a brief summary of what you would like to do and we may have ideas on how to achieve it.
>
> Barry
>
> Note: that MATNEST does require that all matrices live on all the MPI processes within the original communicator. That is if the original communicator has ranks 0,1, and 2 you cannot have a matrix inside MATNEST that only lives on ranks 1,2 but you could have it have 0 rows on rank zero so effectively it lives only on rank 1 and 2 (though its communicator is all three ranks).
>
> On Mar 17, 2023, at 12:14 PM, Berger Clement <clement.berger at ens-lyon.fr> wrote:
>
> It would be possible in the case I showed you but in mine that would actually be quite complicated, isn't there any other workaround ? I precise that I am not entitled to utilizing the MATNEST format, it's just that I think the other ones wouldn't work.
>
> ---
> Clément BERGER
> ENS de Lyon
>
> Le 2023-03-17 15:48, Barry Smith a écrit :
> You may be able to mimic what you want by not using PETSC_DECIDE but instead computing up front how many rows of each matrix you want stored on each MPI process. You can use 0 for on certain MPI processes for certain matrices if you don't want any rows of that particular matrix stored on that particular MPI process.
>
> Barry
>
> On Mar 17, 2023, at 10:10 AM, Berger Clement <clement.berger at ens-lyon.fr> wrote:
>
> Dear all,
>
> I want to construct a matrix by blocs, each block having different sizes and partially stored by multiple processors. If I am not mistaken, the right way to do so is by using the MATNEST type. However, the following code
>
> Call MatCreateConstantDiagonal(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,PETSC_DECIDE,PETSC_DECIDE,4,4,2.0E0_wp,A,ierr)
> Call MatCreateConstantDiagonal(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,PETSC_DECIDE,PETSC_DECIDE,4,4,1.0E0_wp,B,ierr)
> Call MatCreateNest(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,2,PETSC_NULL_INTEGER,2,PETSC_NULL_INTEGER,(/A,PETSC_NULL_MAT,PETSC_NULL_MAT,B/),C,ierr)
>
> does not generate the same matrix depending on the number of processors. It seems that it starts by everything owned by the first proc for A and B, then goes on to the second proc and so on (I hope I am being clear).
>
> Is it possible to change that ?
>
> Note that I am coding in fortran if that has ay consequence.
>
> Thank you,
>
> Sincerely,
>
> --
> Clément BERGER
> ENS de Lyon
--
What most experimenters take for granted before they begin their
experiments is infinitely more interesting than any results to which
their experiments lead.
-- Norbert Wiener
https://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/ [1]
Links:
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[1] http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~knepley/
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