[petsc-users] [petsc-maint] Create SIMPLE pc for Schur explicitly
Smith, Barry F.
bsmith at mcs.anl.gov
Tue Mar 6 16:49:47 CST 2018
> On Mar 6, 2018, at 4:37 PM, Ju Liu <liujuy at gmail.com> wrote:
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>
>
> 2018-03-06 14:13 GMT-08:00 Smith, Barry F. <bsmith at mcs.anl.gov>:
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> > On Mar 6, 2018, at 4:09 PM, John <johnlucassaturday at gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > Hi PETSc team:
> >
> > I am trying to create a SIMPLE type approximation for the Schur complement. It is a nonlinear code, so I have to update the Schur matrix once the tangent jacobian is updated. I am trying to figure out the best way of doing that.
> >
> > In terms of generating an algebraic form of Schur S, I am trying to do the following.
> >
> > // S = A10 x A01, I have performed a diagonal scaling on all matrices, so the diag(A00) = I.
> > MatMatMult(A10, A01, MAT_INITIAL_MATRIX, S);
> > MatScale(S, -1.0); // S = -1 x S
> > MatAXPY(S, 1.0, A11, S, DIFFERENT_NONZERO_PATTERN); // S = A11 + S
> >
> > My questions are:
> > (1) When I update the Schur complement, do I need to call
> > MatDestroy(&S);
> > MatMatMult(A10, A01, MAT_INITIAL_MATRIX, S);
> > or shall I just call
> > MatMatMult(A10, A01, MAT_REUSE_MATRIX, S);
>
> The second form. No reason to delete the matrix and rebuild it each time (delete and rebuild will be a bit slower)
>
> >
> > Basically, I am not sure how to properly use the flag MAT_REUSE_MATRIX.
> >
> > (2) When I update the Schur complement, the initial call of MatAXPY already incorporated the contribution of A00 in terms of nonzero patterns. So in my second call of MatAXPY, shall I use the flag SUBSET_NONZERO_PATTERN?
>
> If it is a subset then you should use the subset flag, if they have same nonzero pattern you should use SAME_NONZERO_PATTERN (same nonzero is fastest)
>
> Thanks Barry! I guess I still need some clarifications on the second point.
>
> In the first assembly of S, I called MatAXPY to incorporate the entries of A11 into S (with differnet nonzero pattern for safety).
>
> Now, with new blocks of A, I update S by calling
> MatMatMult(A10, A01, MAT_REUSE_MATRIX, S);
Ahh, you cannot do this if the MatAXPY introduces new nonzeros into the structure of S (the second MatMatMult() will likely crash or generate incorrect results since MAT_REUSE_MATRIX requires that each time the routine is called S has the exact same nonzero pattern.)
Now for most problems I would expect that A11 has a subset of the nonzeros of S, in that case you can use MatAXPY with subset each time and you can use MAT_REUSE_MATRIX. But you would need to verify for your problem that A11 has a subset of the nonzeros of S. This is the "ideal" case in terms of performance.
If A11 does not have a subset of the nonzeros of S then you (obviously) cannot use subset and you must destroy the S each time and create a new one with each MatMatMult().
Barry
> At this stage, what is the nonzero pattern of S? If S's pattern is determined by the most recent call of MatMatMult, I guess I will still use the different nonzero pattern. If the pattern of S is inherited from the first assembly, the A11's nonzero pattern is a subset of S's, so subset flag should be safe.
>
> Thanks!
>
> John
>
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> Barry
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> >
> > Best regards,
> >
> > John
>
>
>
>
> --
> Ju Liu, Ph.D.
> Postdoctoral Research Fellow
> Stanford School of Medicine
> http://ju-liu.github.io/
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